Yemen suffers from extremely deteriorating health conditions and the health situation in it cannot be described as less than catastrophic, as a result of the war that has been going on for nearly six years between government forces backed by Saudi Arabia and the UAE and the Houthi militants backed by Iran, who control a number of provinces, including the capital, “Sanaa”. Since September 2014 AD, the health disaster in Yemen is not limited to the Coronavirus “Covid-19”, as there are epidemics, viruses and diseases that have spread since 2016. During the past years, Yemen ranked last in the Arab and World Health Index.
There are many epidemics, viruses, and diseases that Yemenis have been struggling with since the war began in 2014, especially in areas with high poverty rates and no health centers available. Hundreds have been injured in light of the collapse of the health situation due to the six-year war, and the health situation in Yemen cannot be described as less than catastrophic.
In addition to the difficult living situation in Yemen that the Yemenis endure, they found themselves during the past year 2018 AD facing another epidemic to suffer another, more severe suffering with deadly epidemics, with another epidemic, “typhoid epidemic”, in conjunction with the collapse of the health sector in the country and the deterioration of medical services and imposing The “Houthi” group measures described as “arbitrary” against international organizations, and the health situation in Yemen cannot be described as less than catastrophic.
The “typhoid” epidemic broke out in Yemen for the first time in 2000 AD, and the Yemeni Ministry of Health recorded 109 deaths from the epidemic in September 2000, and in 2018 AD the epidemic broke out again.
It is usually caused by consuming contaminated food or water.
In 2018, the typhoid epidemic began to spread significantly, as many cases were recorded, amid fears of its further spread.
The “typhoid” epidemic is a dangerous bacterial disease that results in fever and weakness, and in severe cases it leads to death. Hence, the evaluation of the severity of the spread of this disease lies.
On the causes of the spread of the “typhoid” epidemic in Yemen, it is due to the presence of population density, due to the war conditions, including displacement and the lack of adequate health care to limit the spread of such epidemics.
To prevent this epidemic, it is necessary to clean water and food, dispose of waste in healthy ways, exterminate insects, not reveal sanitary sewers, wash hands well before preparing or eating food, vaccinate against disease for those around the infected person, and clean residential neighborhoods.
It is worth noting that patients with this epidemic, their infection was probably caused by reasons related to contamination of water or food, and there is a significant increase in the number of cases of infection and death in the “typhoid” epidemic.
In February 2018, the “typhoid” epidemic came second after the “cholera” epidemic, and 500 cases of the epidemic were recorded in Yemen within a week.
The total number of cases and deaths caused by the “typhoid” epidemic has crossed the 1000 mark.
And the “typhoid” epidemic, a disease caused by “Salmonella typhi bacteria”, and infection usually occurs through eating contaminated food or water.
This severe illness causes a prolonged fever, headache, nausea or loss of appetite, and sometimes constipation or diarrhea. Symptoms are often nonspecific and not clinically distinct from other febrile illnesses.
The clinical severity of disease varies, and severe disease cases may lead to serious complications or even death, and this often occurs due to poor sanitation and a lack of clean drinking water.