Yemen suffers from extremely deteriorating health conditions and the health situation in it cannot be described as less than catastrophic, as a result of the war that has been going on for nearly six years between government forces backed by Saudi Arabia and the UAE and the Houthi militia supported by Iran, who control a number of governorates, including the capital, Sana’a. Since September 2014, the health disaster in Yemen is not limited to the Coronavirus “Covid-19”, as there are epidemics, viruses and diseases that have spread since 2016. During the past years, Yemen ranked last in the Arab and World Health Index.
There are many epidemics, viruses, and diseases that Yemenis have been struggling with since the war began in 2014, especially in areas with high poverty rates and no health centers available. Hundreds have been injured in light of the collapse of the health situation due to the six-year war, and the health situation in Yemen cannot be described as less than catastrophic.
In addition to the difficult living situation in Yemen that the Yemenis endure, they found themselves during the past year 2019 AD facing another epidemic to suffer other, more severe suffering with deadly epidemics, foremost of which is the “Swine Flu – H1 N1” epidemic, in conjunction with the collapse of the health sector in the country and the deterioration Medical services and the “Houthi” group imposing measures described as “arbitrary” against international organizations, and the health situation in Yemen cannot be described as anything less than catastrophic.
The “swine flu – H1 N1” epidemic spread in Yemen for the first time in “2009-2010”, and the Yemeni Ministry of Health recorded 643 cases, of which 33 died, and outbreaks again in 2019.
In the past year, 2019 AD, within three months, more than 100 people died in the capital, “Sanaa”.
Despite the outbreak of “swine flu – H1 N1” in the capital, “Sanaa” last year 2019 AD, the authorities of the “Houthi” group did not announce that “Sanaa is a city affected by the swine flu epidemic”, and did not announce a state of emergency in the capital, and there is a media blackout on The outbreak of the epidemic.
The swine flu epidemic is a respiratory disease caused by influenza viruses of the orthomyxoviridae family.
According to the World Health Organization, the “Swine Flu – H1N1” epidemic spreads easily among humans similar to “seasonal influenza”, and it can transmit from person to person due to exposure to droplets from the infected person through coughing, sneezing, or contact with hands or surfaces contaminated with it. .
To prevent the spread of infection, the organization advises patients to cover their mouths and noses when coughing or sneezing, to stay at home when they feel unwell, to wash their hands regularly, and to keep a distance between them and the healthy ones.
The signs of “influenza” of type “H1 N1” are similar to the signs of “seasonal flu”, including “fever, cough, headache”, “muscle and joint pain, sore throat and runny nose”, as well as “vomiting and diarrhea sometimes.”
The “swine flu” epidemic broke out last year, 2019, a few days after the outbreak of “diphtheria”, which killed about 160 Yemenis, including 55 children.
Fears in Yemen about the “swine flu” epidemic are no longer limited to the capital, Sana’a, and some neighboring governorates only.
Citizens’ panic increased with the spread of the disease in the winter season during the past year 2019 AD, during which many people were exposed to cold and regular flu, which they often treated with antibiotics and eating foods and drinks that help alleviate their symptoms.
During the past three years, 200 deaths from the “swine flu” epidemic were recorded in the capital, “Sanaa”.
Also, during the past year 2019 AD, cases of infection and death with the “swine flu” epidemic were recorded in different Yemeni governorates, including “Sana’a, Taiz, Ibb, and Al Dhale’e,” and the “World Health Organization” said that 6,945 cases of seasonal flu were recorded in Yemen.
At the beginning of the year 2020 AD, the capital, Sana’a, witnessed
And some northern governorates, especially the mountainous ones, the wave of the “swine flu” epidemic, which in two months caused 700 injuries and 150 deaths.
It is worth noting that there is no vaccine that contains the “swine flu – H 1 N 1” epidemic that affects humans, and it is not known whether the currently available vaccines against seasonal influenza are able to provide protection against this disease, and there is a vaccine that is intended for pigs themselves to reduce Of the continuation of infection between them.
Among the symptoms of this epidemic are: “fatigue, high temperature, headache, cough, diarrhea and vomiting in some cases,” and people with weak immunity are highly vulnerable to infection.