Yemen suffers from extremely deteriorating health conditions and the health situation in it cannot be described as less than catastrophic, as a result of the nearly six-year war between government forces backed by Saudi Arabia and the UAE and the Houthi militia supported by Iran, who control a number of provinces, including the capital, “Sanaa” Since September 2014 AD, the health disaster in Yemen is not limited to the Coronavirus “Covid-19”, as there are epidemics, viruses and diseases that have spread since 2016. During the past years, Yemen ranked last in the Arab and World Health Index.
There are many epidemics, viruses, and diseases that Yemenis have been struggling with since the war began in 2014, especially in areas with high poverty rates and no health centers available. Hundreds have been injured in light of the collapse of the health situation due to the six-year war, and the health situation in Yemen cannot be described as less than catastrophic.
An epidemic of “pneumonic plague” spread in Yemen, in the city of “Aden” located in southern Yemen, in May 2020.
Pneumonic plague is a severe form of pneumonia, which is one of the three main forms of plague, and is caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.
It is considered to be more virulent and rarer than the bubonic plague. The difference between the forms of plague is simply the location of the infection in the body. Bubonic plague is transmitted through the lymphatic system, while pneumonic plague is transmitted to the respiratory system, and septicemia plague is an infection that travels in the bloodstream.
Usually pneumonic plague results from the spread of an initial infection with bubonic plague.
The first pneumonic plague results from inhaling tiny infectious droplets that can be transmitted from one person to another without the participation of an animal such as fleas, rodents, or other animals. Untreated cases of pneumonic plague have a mortality rate of 90-100%.
On May 13, more than 700 people, including 6 government officials, died as a result of epidemics and viruses that spread in the city of “Aden” in southern Yemen, as a result of the torrential disasters that the city witnessed on April 21.
Earlier, the Yemeni government declared Aden a “affected city” due to the outbreak of various types of epidemics, viruses and deadly diseases in it, the most recent of which is the “pneumonic plague” and the “Corona (Covid-19)” epidemic, and it called on the international community to intervene to support the health sector in the country.
The total number of cases and deaths due to the “pneumonic plague” epidemic in the city of “Aden” has exceeded the barrier of 3 thousand cases and deaths since May until now.