A human rights report revealed the increasing violations against faculty and researchers in Egyptian universities, leading to the investigation and cancellation of their scientific messages.
The Freedom of Thought and Expression Foundation stated that a number of violations have taken place in Egyptian universities in recent years, including “arbitrary restrictions on the right to freedom of research and teaching for members of the academic community.”
In a report titled “Multiple Patterns of Violations,” she added that the Egyptian authorities have used, through their agencies concerned, methods of threatening and intimidation against faculty members and researchers.
The report noted that Al-Azhar University canceled the discussion of a doctoral thesis, in October 2015 AD, by a researcher in the College of Islamic Studies – (Zagazig branch) for dealing with the jurisprudential conditioning of revolutions, and the university referred the supervisors of the thesis to the investigation.
During the year 2014 AD, Al-Azhar University stopped granting a doctorate degree to a researcher in the College of “Islamic Call”, describing him as a “military coup” on June 30, 2013, and the university referred members of the committee discussing the doctoral thesis for investigation.
At the end of 2015 AD, the University of the “Suez Canal” canceled two scientific messages in the field of “political science”. The first dealt with “democracy between thought and practice of the Muslim Brotherhood and the Salafists: an analytical study of the Freedom, Justice and Light parties,” while the second dealt with “the Muslim Brotherhood and the Egyptian People’s Assembly elections.” 2005 AD.
According to the report, the Ministry of Higher Education’s interventions in the freedom of research and teaching varied between directives regarding the content of knowledge content that professors and researchers deal with in their work, whether at the level of teaching in the lecture halls, or writing letters and scientific research.
The Freedom of Thought and Expression Foundation called on the Egyptian authorities to immediately stop all interference with the content of scientific messages, and to stop referring professors to committees of investigation and administrative accountability.
Since the coup of July 3, 2013, the Egyptian authorities have imposed restrictions on universities, unions, parties, civil society organizations and charitable work. The country has been living under emergency rule, which was renewed 13 times during the era of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, since it was imposed in its new form in April 2017.